Last week,I watched a documentary film named China’s Lost Girls.The documentary was filmed in the year 2005,it was a special year in the adoption history of China.In this peak year, the number of Chinese children adopted by American families reached over 7900, meaning one out of every three adoptee was from China.
The film shot many American couples who came to china to adopt Chinese children.Obviously, Many parents saw China as the cleanest of international adoption choices. Its population-control policy, which limited many families to one child, drove couples to abandon subsequent children or to give up daughters in hopes of bearing sons to inherit their property and take care of them in old age. China had what adoptive parents in America wanted: a supply of healthy children in need of families.
But after a news reported in 2011 that at least 16 children who were seized by family planning officials and then sent them to orphanages where the children adopted by foreign families between 1999 and late 2006 in Longhui County, an impoverished rural area in Hunan, a southern Chinese province.The scandal swept through the families who have adopted children from China.For some, it raised a nightmarish question: What if my child had been taken forcibly from her parents?Many reports exposed the dark side of overseas adoption after that,children in rural places are not only the target of illegal foreign adoptions,kidnapping but also suffering from sexual assault and harassment.
The numbers of adoptions from China declined to 2306 in the year of 2013.The rising standard of living, sex-selective abortion, also,the loose of one child policy in most rural places,means that fewer families abandoned healthy babies now.But the main reason was restrictions about foreign adoptions by Chinese government have taken from the year 2006.The family should meet qualifications,such as:Net worth of at least $80,000. Minimum household income of $30,000, or $10,000 per person living in the home.Length of time is 12-24 months for waiting child.The adoption process for of a Chinese child costs on average around $31,000.
The restrictions above might prevent foreign adoptions from becoming trafficking crime.But the most dangerous salutation for those children in rural areas is the lack of protects and guidance from their parents.Especially the so called “left-behind kids”.In the case of Hunan,most of the 16 children were stayed in the village with old grandparents or relatives while their parents were working in cities.Because of the registered household system and the high daily expenses, children couldn’t went to the schools in cities.They lived in the villages with their grandparents.Their grandparents were farmers who didn’t educated.When they out for farming,children often stay at home alone.Around 30 million children under 18 have no parent at home and two million fend for themselves with no adult guardian.These families only reunite a few days each year for the most part during Spring Festival.
China has been recruiting more social workers to provide counseling for the left behind kids in rural areas, and government spending on social services rose an average of 24% from 2008 to 2012, according to 2013 figures from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCED).And from early this year the government loose the household restricted in education and established schools for the children of migrant.More and more migrant workers choose to bring their children together with them.